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    New Credit Card Gotchas

    From the May 2010 issue of Consumer Reports' Magazine ShopSmart

    New credit card rules took effect this February. They offer some relief from rising credit-card fees and tight payment deadlinesóbut on the flip side, credit card companies are already cooking up new ways to squeeze more money out of you. ShopSmart magazine put together a list of the ways the new rules can help, hurt, and how you can avoid being hit by fine-print fees.

    You no longer have to put up with...

    Jacked-up interest rates on an existing balance: Credit-card issuers can raise your rates on new balances only if you have a variable-rate card, your promotional rate has expired, or you are more than 60 days late making your minimum payment. They also canít raise rates during the first year of an account.

    Penalty rates that never go away: If your rate goes up because you were more than 60 days late on a bill, your card company is required to restore your old rate if you make on-time payments for the first six months after the rate increase.

    Moving due dates that trick you into paying late: Your payment will now be due on the same day each month. As long as your payment is received by 5 p.m. at the bankís location on that day, it canít be considered late.

    Fees on transactions that exceed your credit limit: Unless you ask your card company to allow those transactionsónot a good idea.

    But youíll still have to face these gotchas...

    Skyrocketing interest payments: Credit-card issuers can charge whatever rates they want. And they can raise them at any time for any reason on future purchases after the accountís first year. Theyíll have to give 45 daysí notice before charging a new rate, but it will apply to all the stuff you buy starting 14 days after the notice is sent out.

    A bump up in your minimum payment: Credit-card issuers can now raise your minimum payment to the level required to pay off your balance in five years. But they can raise it to any level if they do so without raising your interest rate.

    Account closures: They can cancel your card without notice at any time.
    Tricky zero-interest-rate promotions: Unless you play by the rules perfectly, that zero interest rate can end up costing you big time in penalties.
    S
    urprise fees: Banks have been coming up with lots of new charges, including fees to receive paper statements and souped-up charges on foreign transactions, balance transfers, and cash advances.

    What can you do?

    TIP: If your rates or fees go up or your borrowing limit goes down, call the card company to see if you can get a reprieve. If you have a good track record and a decent credit score, you might be successful.

    TIP: Donít immediately cancel cards or sign up for new ones to boost your credit limitóthose actions can ding your credit score.

    TIP: In the event you do need a new card and want to make sure youíre getting a fair deal, research cards online at BillShrink or Bankrate.com. And be sure to check out credit unions and small banks, which might have better deals than major issuers offer.
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